2 men looking at a computer screen

The Concussion Research Lab is world-renowned and internationally recognized for contributions to the concussion and brain injury literature. Our research focuses on improving the understanding of pediatric concussion and how to manage this injury so young people can return to school and sports.

List of publications from our scientists:


2019 Publications

Scratch SE, Rumney P, Agnihotri S, Reed N. Pediatric Concussion: Managing Persistent Symptoms With an Interdisciplinary Approach. J Head Trauma Rehabil. 2019 Nov/Dec;34(6):385-393.

Guo D, Verweel L, Reed N. Exploring Gaps in Concussion Knowledge and Knowledge Translation Among Coaches of Youth Female Hockey. Clinical Journal of Sports Medicine. 2019 Nov;29(6):486-493. doi: 10.1097/JSM.0000000000000542. PubMed PMID: 31688180.

Provvidenza CF, Hartman LR, Carmichael J, & Reed N. Does a picture speak louder than words? The role of infographics as a concussion education strategy. J Vis Commun Med. 2019 Jul;42(3):102-113. doi: 10.1080/17453054.2019.1599683. Epub 2019 May 6. PubMed PMID: 31056987.

Sandhu H, Wilson K, Reed N, & Mihailidis A. A Mobile Phone App for the Self-Management of Pediatric Concussion: Development and Usability Testing. JMIR Human Factors, 2019 May 31;6(2):e12135. doi: 10.2196/12135.

Reed N, Silverberg ND, Iaccarino MA, McCrea M, McCulloch KL, Panenka W, Gregory E., Dams-O'Connor K, Iverson GL, Weyer Jamora C, Belanger H, McKinney G, Cogan AM, Provvidenza C. Returning to activity after a concussion. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 2019 Apr; 100(4):789-791.

Mah K, Gladstone B, King G, Reed N, & Hartman LR. Researching experiences of childhood brain injury: co-constructing knowledge with children through arts-based research methods. Disabil Rehabil.2019 Apr 11:1-10. doi: 10.1080/09638288.2019.1574916. [Epub ahead of print]

Hunt AW, Paniccia M, Mah K, Dawson D, Reed N. Feasibility and Effects of the CO-OP Approach™ in Postconcussion Rehabilitation. Am J Occup Ther. 2019 Jan/Feb;73(1):7301205060p1-7301205060p11. doi: 10.5014/ajot.2019.027995.

Paniccia M, Knafo R, Thomas S, Taha T, Ladha A, Thompson L, Reed N. Mindfulness-Based Yoga for Youth With Persistent Concussion: A Pilot Study. Am J Occup Ther. 2019 Jan/Feb;73(1):7301205040p1-7301205040p11. doi: 10.5014/ajot.2019.027672.

2018 Publications

Reed N, Leeder K, Zemek R; PedCARE Research Team. Patient engagement in pediatric concussion research. CMAJ. 2018 Nov 7;190(Suppl):S28-S30. doi: 10.1503/cmaj.180450. N 

Paniccia M, Verweel L, Thomas SG, Taha T, Keightley M, Wilson KE, Reed N. Heart rate variability following youth concussion: how do autonomic regulation and concussion symptoms differ over time postinjury? BMJ Open Sport Exerc Med. 2018 Oct 1;4(1):e000355. doi: 10.1136/bmjsem-2018-000355. eCollection 2018.

Paniccia M, Taha T, Keightley M, Thomas S, Verweel L, Murphy J, Wilson K, Reed N. Autonomic Function Following Concussion in Youth Athletes: An Exploration of Heart Rate Variability Using 24-hour Recording Methodology. J Vis Exp. 2018 Sep 21;(139). doi: 10.3791/58203.

Toong T, Wilson KE, Urban K, Paniccia M, Hunt AW, Keightley M, Reed N. Grip Strength in Youth Ice Hockey Players: Normative Values and Predictors of Performance. J Strength Cond Res. 2018 Dec;32(12):3494-3502. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000002815.

Cermak CA, Scratch SE, Reed NP, Bradley K, Quinn de Launay KL, Beal DS. Cognitive Communication Impairments in Children With Traumatic Brain Injury: A Scoping Review. J Head Trauma Rehabil. 2019 Mar/Apr;34(2):E13-E20. doi: 10.1097/HTR.0000000000000419.

Hunt AW, Laupacis D, Kawaguchi E, Greenspoon D, Reed N. Key ingredients to an active rehabilitation programme post-concussion: perspectives of youth and parents. Brain Inj. 2018;32(12):1534-1540. doi: 10.1080/02699052.2018.1502894. Epub 2018 Jul 26. 

Anderson C, Yeung E, Toong T, Reed N. A narrative review on cervical interventions in adults with chronic whiplash-associated disorder. BMJ Open Sport Exerc Med. 2018 Apr 25;4(1):e000299. doi: 10.1136/bmjsem-2017-000299. eCollection 2018.

Simpson-Jones ME, Hunt AW. Vision rehabilitation interventions following mild traumatic brain injury: a scoping review. Disabil Rehabil. 2018 Apr 10:1-17. doi: 10.1080/09638288.2018.1460407. [Epub ahead of print]

Paniccia M, Verweel L, Thomas S, Taha T, Keightley M, Wilson K, & Reed N. Heart Rate Variability in Healthy Non-Concussed Youth Athletes: Exploring the Effect of Age, Sex and Concussion-like Symptoms. Front Neurol. 2018 Jan 18;8:753. doi: 10.3389/fneur.2017.00753. eCollection 2017.

2017 Publications

Maas AIR, Menon DK, Adelson PD, Andelic N, et al. Traumatic brain injury: integrated approaches to improve prevention, clinical care, and research, In The Lancet Neurology, 2017 Dec;16(12):987-1048. doi: 10.1016/S1474-4422(17)30371-X. Epub 2017 Nov 6.

Paniccia M, Wilson KE, Hunt A, Keightley M, Zabjek K, Taha T, Gagnon I, Reed N. Postural Stability in Healthy Child and Youth Athletes: The Effect of Age, Sex, and Concussion-Related Factors on Performance. Sports Health. 2017 Nov 1:1941738117741651. doi: 10.1177/1941738117741651. [Epub ahead of print]

Paniccia M, Paniccia D, Thomas S, Taha T, Reed N. Clinical and non-clinical depression and anxiety in young people: A scoping review on heart rate variability. Autonomic Neuroscience. 2017 Aug 26. pii: S1566-0702(16)30218-1. doi: 10.1016/j.autneu.2017.08.008. [Epub ahead of print]

Reed N, Taha T, Greenwald R, Keightley M. Player and game characteristics and head impacts in female youth ice hockey players. Journal of Athletic Training 2017 Aug;52(8):771-775. doi: 10.4085/1062-6050-52.5.04. Epub 2017 Jul 17.

Ledoux AA, Barrowman NJ, Boutis K, Davis A, Reid S, Sangha G, Farion KJ, Belanger K, Tremblay MS, Yeates KO, DeMatteo C, Reed N, Zemek R; Pediatric Emergency Research Canada PedCARE team. Multicentre, randomised clinical trial of paediatric concussion assessment of rest and exertion (PedCARE): A study to determine when to resume physical activities following concussion in children. British Journal of Sports Medicine 2017 Jul 12. pii: bjsports-2017-097981. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2017-097981. [Epub ahead of print]

Fabri TL, Wilson KE, Holland N, Hickling A, Murphy J, Fait P, Reed N. Using a dual-task protocol to investigate motor and cognitive performance in healthy children and youth. Gait & Posture 2017:54, 154-159.

Mah K, Hickling A, Reed N. Perceptions of mild traumatic brain injury in adults: a scoping review. Disabil Rehabil. 2017 Jan 19:1-17.

Paniccia MJ, Reed NP. Dove and hawk profiles in youth concussion: Rethinking occupational performance. Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. 2017 Apr;84(2):111-118. doi: 10.1177/0008417416688302. Epub 2017 Jan 1.

2016 Publications

Hunt AW, Paniccia M, Reed N, Keightley M. Concussion-Like Symptoms in Child and Youth Athletes at Baseline: What Is "Typical"?. Journal of Athl Train. 2016 Oct;51(10):749-757.

Hunt A, De Feo L, Macintyre J, Greenspoon D, Dick T, Mah K, Paniccia M, Provvidenza C, Reed N. Development and feasibility of an evidence-informed self-management education program in pediatric concussion rehabilitation. BMC Health Services Research. 2016, 16:400.

Reed N, Taha T, Monette G, Keightley M. A Preliminary Exploration of Concussion and Strength Performance in Youth Ice Hockey Players. Int J Sports Med. 2016 Aug;37(9):708-13.

Hunt AW, Mah K, Reed N, Engel L, & Keightley M. Oculomotor-Based Vision Assessment in Mild Traumatic Brain Injury: A Systematic Review. J Head Trauma Rehabil. 2016 Jul-Aug;31(4):252-61.

Goswami R, Dufort P, Tartaglia MC, Green RE, Crawley A, Tator CH, Wennberg R, Mikulis DJ, Keightley M, Davis KD. Frontotemporal correlates of impulsivity and machine learning in retired professional athletes with a history of multiple concussions. Brain Struct Funct. 2016 May;221(4):1911-25

Komar, A., Ashley, K., Hanna, K., Lavalle, J., Woodhouse, J., Bernstein, J., Andres, M., & Reed, N. Retrospective Analysis of an Ongoing Group-Based Modified Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy Program for Children with Acquired Brain Injury. Phys Occup Ther Pediart. 2016 May;36(2):186-203.

Zeyl T, Yin E, Keightley M, Chau T. Partially supervised P300 speller adaptation for eventual stimulus timing optimization: target confidence is superior to error-related potential score as an uncertain label. J Neural Eng. 2016 Apr;13(2):026008.

Zemek, R., Barrowman, N., Freedman, S.B., Gravel, J., Gagnon, I., McGahern, C., et al. Pediatric Emergency Research Canada (PERC) Concussion Team. Clinical Risk Score for Persistent Postconcussion Symptoms Among Children With Acute Concussion in the ED. JAMA. 2016 Mar 8;315(10):1014-25. *Additional Authors Include: Keightley, M.

Zeyl T, Yin E, Keightley M, Chau T. Adding Real-Time Bayesian Ranks to Error-Related Potential Scores Improves Error Detection and Auto-Correction in a P300 Speller. IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng. 2016 Jan;24(1):46-56.

2015 Publications

Lax, I.D., Paniccia, M., Agnihotri, S., Reed, N., Garmaise, E., Azadbakhsh, M., Ng, J., Monette, G., Wiseman-Hakes, C., Taha, T., & Keightley, M. Developmental and gender influences on executive function following concussion in youth hockey players. Brain Inj. 2015;29(12):1409-19.

Beauchamp MH, Brooks BL, Barrowman N, Aglipay M, Keightley M, Anderson P, Yeates KO, Osmond MH, Zemek R. Empirical Derivation and Validation of a Clinical Case Definition for Neuropsychological Impairment in Children and Adolescents. J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 2015 Sep;21(8):596-609.

Reed, N., Greenspoon, D., Iverson, G.L., DeMatteo, C., Fait, P., Gauvin-Lepage, J., Hunt, A., & Gagnon, I.J. Management of persistent postconcussion symptoms in youth: a randomised control trial protocol. BMJ Open. 2015 Jul 31;5(7):e008468.

Saluja RS, Chen JK, Gagnon IJ, Keightley M, Ptito A. Navigational memory functional magnetic resonance imaging: a test for concussion in children. J Neurotrauma. 2015 May 15;32(10):712-22.

Lindsay, S., Hartman, L.R., Reed, N., Gan, C., Thomson, N., & Solomon, B. A Systematic Review of Hospital-to-School Reintegration Interventions for Children and Youth with Acquired Brain Injury. PLoS One. 2015 Apr 29;10(4):e0124679.

2014 Publications

Sinopoli, K, J. Chen, J. Wells, G. Fait, P. Ptito, A. Taha, T. & Keightley, M, L. Imaging "brain strain" in youth athletes with mild traumatic brain injury during dual-task performance. [Epub ahead of print]. Journal of Neurotrauma. 2014 Sep.

Zemek, R. Duval, S. Dematteo, C. Solomon, B. Keightley, M., Osmond, M. 7th author et al. Guidelines for Diagnosing and Managing Pediatric Concussion. Toronto, ON:. 2014 Jun. *Additional Authors Include: Reed, N., Hung, R.,

Keightley, M.L., Salluja, R.S. Chen, J. Ptito, A. & Gagnon, I. An fMRI Study of Working Memory in Youth Following Sports-related Concussion: Is it Still Working? 2014 Mar 11. J Neurotrauma 1;31(5); 437-51.

Keightley M.L., Côté, P., Rumney, P., Hung, R., Carroll, L.J., Cancelliere, C., Cassidy, J.D., Psychosocial consequences of mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) in children: Results of a systematic review by the International Collaboration on MTBI Prognosis (ICoMP). Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2014 Mar;95(3). 95(3), 192-200.

Keightley, M.L., Sinopoli, K., Davis, K., Green, R., Mikulis, D., Wennberg, R., Tartaglia, C., Chen, J., Tator, C. Is there evidence for neurodegenerative change following traumatic brain injury in children and youth? A scoping review. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 2014 Feb. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 8, 139.

Reed, N. Murphy, J. Dick, T. Mah, K. Paniccia, M. Verweel, L. & Keightley, M. A multi-modal approach to assessing recovery in youth athletes following concussion. Journal of Visualized Experiments. 2014 Sep.

Hung, R, Carroll LI, Cancelliere C, Cote P, Rumney, P, Keightley, M Donovan J, StaInacke B-M, Cassidy JD. A systematic review of the clinical course, natural history and prognosis for paediatric MTBI: Results of the International Collaboration on MTBI Prognosis (ICoMP). Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2014 Mar;95(3). 95(3), 174-191.

Cancelliere C, Hincapie, CA, Keightley M, Godbolt AK, Cote P, Kristman VL, StaInacke B-M, Carroll LI, Hung R, Borg J, Nygren-de Broussard C, Coronado V, Donovan J, Cassidy JD. A systematic review of prognosis and return to play after sport concussion: Results of the International Collaboration on MTBI Prognosis (ICoMP). Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2014 Mar;95(3). 95(3), 210-229.

2013 Publications

Reed, N., Fait, P., Zabjek, K., McFadyen, B., Taha, T., & Keightley, M. Concussion and concurrent cognitive and sport-specific task performance in youth ice hockey players: A single-case pilot study. Neurology and Neurophysiology. 2013 Dec;4(5):171-178

Keightley, M.L., Reed, N., Green, S. & Taha, T. (2013). Age and competition level on injuries in female ice hockey. International Journal of Sports Medicine (Epub ahead of print, March 20, 2013).

Reed N, Fait P, Habib Perez O, Zabjek K & Keightley M. Concussion and concurrent cognitive and sport-specific task performance in youth ice hockey players: A pilot study. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2013;47:e1. (Poster presentation at the 4th International Consensus Conference on Concussion in Sport, Zurich, Switzerland, November 1-2, 2012).

2012 Publications

Reed, N. (2012). Concussion in hockey: Taking an occupational perspective on risk in sports (Letter to the Editor). Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 79 (1), 5.

Cancelliere, C. Cassidy, J. D., Cote, P., Hincapie, C.A., Harvigsen, J., Carroll, L.J., Marras, C.,Boyle, E., Kristman, V., Hung, R., Stalnacke, B-M., Rumney, P., Coronado, V., Holm, L., Borg, J., Nygren-de Boussard, N., Geijerstam, J.L. & Keightley, M. Protocol for a systematic review of prognosis after mild traumatic brain injury: an update of the WHO Collaborating Centre Task Force Findings. (2012).Systematic Reviews, (1)1-17.

Agnihotri, S., Gray, J., Colantonio, A., Polatajko, H., Cameron, D., Rumney, P., Wiseman-Hakes, C., Keightley, M.L. Two case study evaluations of an arts-based social skills intervention for adolescents with childhood brain disorder. (2012). Developmental Neurorehabilitation, 15(4), 284-297.

2011 Publications

Reed, N. (2011). Sport-related concussion and occupational therapy: Expanding the scope of practice. Physical and Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics, 31(3), 222-224.

Fait, P., McFadyen, B.J., Zabjek, K., Reed, N., Taha, T.,Keightley, M. Increasing task complexity decreases ice hockey skill performance in youth athletes. (2011). Perceptual and Motor Skills, 112(1), 29-43.

Keightley, M.L., Green, S., Reed, N. Agnihotri, S., Wilkinson, A. & Lobaugh, N. An investigation of the effects of sports-related concussion in youth using functional magnetic resonance imaging and the Head Impact Telemetry System. (2011). Journal of Visualized Experiments, 47, doi: 10.3791/2226.

Keightley, M.L., King, G., Jang, S-H., Colantonio, A., Minore, B., Katt, M., Cameron, A., White, R., Bellavance, A., & Longboat-White, C. Brain Injury from a First Nations perspective: Teachings from Elders and Traditional Healers. (2011). Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 78(4), 237-245.

Keightley, M.L., Kendall, V., Jang, S.H., Parker, C., Agnihotri, S., Colantonio, A., Minore, B., Katt, M., Cameron, A., White, R., Longboat-White, C. & Bellavance, A. From health care to home community: An Aboriginal community-based ABI Transition Strategy in Ontario. (2011). Brain Injury, 25(2), 142-52.

Gray, J., Agnihotri, S., James, J., Morin, S., Colantonio, A. & Keightley, M.L. An arts-based approach to co-facilitation of a theatre program for teenagers with acquired brain injury. (2011). Journal of Applied Arts and Health, 2(3), 221-235.

Schwandt, M., Colantonio, A., Schneiderman, A., Thomas, S., Keightley, M. & Harris, J. Feasibility of structured aerobic exercise as a method to reduce depression among individuals with traumatic brain injury: a pilot study. (2011). Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 27(2), 99-103.

Keightley, M.L., King, G., Jang, S-H., Colantonio, A., Minore, B., Katt, M., Cameron, A., White, R., Bellavance, A., & Longboat-White, C. Brain Injury from an Aboriginal Perspective: Teachings from Elders and Traditional Healers. (2011). Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 78(4), 237-45.